Research and Minimize the Potential for Negative Impact of School-Based Law Enforcement

Additional research is needed to develop strategies that mitigate the potential negative impacts of school-based law enforcement officers on academic achievement, discipline, violence prevention, crime reduction, and police-youth relations. Placement of officers in schools below the high school level should be based on evidence of criminal threats involving the school and should be reviewed annually to determine how SROs contribute to school safety without negative impacts on educational achievement and to the potential for students to enter the school-to-prison pipeline.